Recently, the National Bureau of Statistics, Beijing Municipal Bureau of Statistics and China Association of Regional Economy (CARE) carried out a research project on the development index of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region in order to monitor the development changes of the region. After measurement and study, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region achieved a development index of 153.99 in 2017, up 7.71% on year on year basis since 2010.
According to PANG Jiangqian, Deputy Director of Beijing Municipal Bureau of Statistics, since 2014, the development index of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region has achieved significant increases and gone up 36.29% in 2017 compared with that in 2013, an increase of 9.07% yearly on average, obviously faster than that from 2010 to 2013. It reflected that the coordinated development strategy has played an active driving role in regional development.
It is reported that the development index assessment criteria system of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region was constructed focusing on innovation, coordination, green, opening and sharing, including 5, 18 and 48 Classes I, II and III indexes respectively. Among them, the sharing development index topped the list and showed the most significant rise trend; the innovation development index kept improving; the green development index rose sharply in the later stage. These three indexes were 216.21, 153.56 and 143.22 separately in 2017, becoming the major forces driving the rise of the general index. The opening and coordination development index were 138.54 and 118.43 respectively.
For instance, the sharing development index of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region showed a rapid upward trend and reached 216.21 in 2017, up 16.6% compared with that in 2010, representing the highest level and greatest increase among the 5 sub-indexes. Further, significant improvements were achieved in basic public service sharing, education foundation, poverty alleviation, etc.
As for infrastructure sharing, the mileage of regional expresses was extended steadily, up over 40%. In terms of education foundation, the level of education of regional population saw stable improvement. The proportion of those with junior college and above degrees in the permanent resident population aging over 6 increased to 37.3%, 26.7% and 10% in 2017 from 32.8%, 18.2% and 7.9% in 2010 in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei separately. Besides, major breakthroughs were made in regional poverty alleviation. Specifically, all populations in Beijing and Tianjin shook off poverty in 2013 and the poverty incidence of Hebei Province decreased to 1.86% in 2017 from 15.8% in 2010.
In the coordinated development of spiritual civilization and material civilization, the region strengthened their input in the entertainment field and as a result, the spiritual life of residents was enriched. The proportion of the fixed-asset investment in the regional entertainment field in the GRP rose from 0.6% in 2010 to 0.9% in 2017. Further, along with the improved infrastructure construction and residents' living standard, the regional Internet penetration grew from 41% in 2010 to 60.2% in 2017 and the regional residents' expenditure in cultural, educational and entertainment services accounted for 10% of the total household spending in 2017 compared with 9.8% in 2010.